Deploy Prometheus

Download Prometheus

curl -o prometheus-values.yaml

Open the prometheus-values.yaml you downloaded by double clicking on the file name on the left panel. You need to make three edits to this file.

Search for storageClass in the prometheus-values.yaml, uncomment and change the value to “prometheus”. You will do this twice, under both server & alertmanager manifests

The third edit you will do is to expose Prometheus server as a NodePort. Because Prometheus is exposed as ClusterIP by default, the web UI cannot be reached outside of Kubernetes. By exposing the service as NodePort, we will be able to reach Prometheus web UI from the worker node IP address. Search for type: ClusterIP and add nodePort: 30900 and change the type to NodePort as indicated below.

This configuration is not recommended in Production and there are better ways to secure it. You can read more about exposing Prometheus web UI in this link

When you search, you will find there are more than one type: ClusterIP in prometheus-values.yaml. You need to update relevant Prometheus manifest. See below snippet for identifying Prometheus manifest

## List of IP addresses at which the Prometheus server service is available
## Ref:
externalIPs: []

loadBalancerIP: ""
loadBalancerSourceRanges: []
servicePort: 80
nodePort: 30900
type: NodePort
Expand here to see the complete yaml

Deploy Prometheus

helm install -f prometheus-values.yaml stable/prometheus --name prometheus --namespace prometheus

Make a note of prometheus endpoint in helm response (you will need this later). It should look similar to below

The Prometheus server can be accessed via port 80 on the following DNS name from within your cluster:

Check if Prometheus components deployed as expected

kubectl get all -n prometheus

You should see response similar to below. They should all be Ready and Available

NAME                                                 READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/prometheus-alertmanager-77cfdf85db-s9p48         2/2       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-kube-state-metrics-74d5c694c7-vqtjd   1/1       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-node-exporter-6dhpw                   1/1       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-node-exporter-nrfkn                   1/1       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-node-exporter-rtrm8                   1/1       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-pushgateway-d5fdc4f5b-dbmrg           1/1       Running   0          1m
pod/prometheus-server-6d665b876-dsmh9                2/2       Running   0          1m

NAME                                    TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
service/prometheus-alertmanager         ClusterIP    <none>        80/TCP     1m
service/prometheus-kube-state-metrics   ClusterIP   None             <none>        80/TCP     1m
service/prometheus-node-exporter        ClusterIP   None             <none>        9100/TCP   1m
service/prometheus-pushgateway          ClusterIP   <none>        9091/TCP   1m
service/prometheus-server               NodePort   <none>        80/30900   1m

NAME                                      DESIRED   CURRENT   READY     UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   NODE SELECTOR   AGE
daemonset.apps/prometheus-node-exporter   3         3         3         3            3           <none>          1m

NAME                                            DESIRED   CURRENT   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/prometheus-alertmanager         1         1         1            1           1m
deployment.apps/prometheus-kube-state-metrics   1         1         1            1           1m
deployment.apps/prometheus-pushgateway          1         1         1            1           1m
deployment.apps/prometheus-server               1         1         1            1           1m

NAME                                                       DESIRED   CURRENT   READY     AGE
replicaset.apps/prometheus-alertmanager-77cfdf85db         1         1         1         1m
replicaset.apps/prometheus-kube-state-metrics-74d5c694c7   1         1         1         1m
replicaset.apps/prometheus-pushgateway-d5fdc4f5b           1         1         1         1m
replicaset.apps/prometheus-server-6d665b876                1         1         1         1m

You can access Prometheus server URL by going to any one of your Worker node IP address and specify port :30900/targets (for ex, Remember to open port 30900 in your Worker nodes Security Group. In the web UI, you can see all the targets and metrics being monitored by Prometheus